Extemporaneous Speech - A Complete Guide for Beginners

Synthesis Essay

Art is all about aesthetic sense, and when it comes to reading and writing, speech and creative writing are major standards to define human artistic sense. It is because, one needs to have a clear and accurate understanding of the audience, along with the confidence of delivery to ensure excellence. So, are you worried about writing the speech, I don’t think so you should be worried about anything. This blog will help you understand how to write an extemporaneous speech.

This blog post will address the structure of speech, the topics that are good to be selected while writing a speech, and what are some of the examples that can be used for writing a well-designed speech.

Introduction to Extemporaneous Speech

Extemporaneous speech is defined as a descriptive or a spoken representation of the narration, any explanation, or the argument that is related to the subject. In extemporaneously definition or extemporaneous definition the subject can either be a widely discussed topic or it can be something that is never openly discussed. Such a kind of speeches are usually presented in the form of impromptu speeches where someone is given limited time or a few minutes to come up with the content or the full-length speech

It would not be wrong to say that an extemporaneous speech is very different from any kind of prepared or already designed oration pertaining to the fact that a speaker doesn't usually have any notes with him. A speaker only narrates his thoughts about the idea or the topic.

Characteristics of Extemporaneous Speech

It is believed that writing a speech is an act of art because it requires a lot of courage and potential to come up with content that can have an impact on the readers, and have a major influence on the thinking of the people. Since extemporaneous speech deals with a larger audience and it has a major function to perform, one should be very clear and obvious about what is to be said. In order to help you with some of the important points that can help writing an extemporaneous speech with little preparation and no time, one should be well aware of the following points.

  • The speech should be very much to the point, there should be no exaggerations because it affects the quality of work.
  • A writer should follow the pattern of essay writing which include an introduction, discussion, and conclusion section. Each of these sections should assert the underlying purpose and the content should be relevant to the topic.
  • It is crucial for the writer to have a clear thesis statement because it can help to keep you directed to your essay topic, and it can guide you while writing the full-length paper.
  • Make sure to add relevant quotes from credible authors. It is crucial to have a clear and accurate understanding of the type of authors that should be quoted.
  • Always ensure correct grammar and correct sentence structure in your essay
  • Always cite external resources, and the citation style should be the same as mentioned in the instructions, if it is an oral speech, then, the name of the author should be clearly mentioned as it can help to know that the content is based on the ideas taken from credible writers.

What are the elements of extemporaneous speech?

Pertaining to extemporaneous speech definition there are some basic elements of extemporaneous speech, which explain the underlying aspects and what are the points to be included.

  • Be unique
  • Firstly, a speaker should talk about the points that can mean anything to the audience. For this, one should have some meaningful topic or an idea to talk about. The speaker should think about the audience their level of understanding and how it can have an impact on the listeners or the readers.

  • Be honest and compassionate
  • While writing about the topic or expanding on the idea, it is crucial for someone to be sincere to the audience. It means one should come up with the ideas and the facts that are true rather than beating about the bush. It is also a fact that only honest aspects or points can have an impression on the audience else there will be words only that will not make any difference. The tone of the speech should always reflect the true feelings of the individual.

  • Authentication of style
  • While writing or delivering the speech, an individual should be authentic, and the tone of the conversation should be pure and original. An extemporaneous speech means that the person should be true to the audience and he must share what he has been feeling or actually feels about something. Without including this style and being authentic, an individual cannot achieve the required goal of communication

Writing preparation

    There are three important yet clear steps that can be used to write an extemporaneous speech

  • 1- Brainstorm about the topic
  • Before writing a speech, one should always brainstorm about the topic. Thinking about the topic not only helps to collect material but also facilitates coming up with the supporting side of the argument. It is also beneficial to understand the art of explanation and quoting relevant events and details.

  • 2- Create a thesis statement
  • In the second step, it is important to create a workable thesis statement. It means that the speaker should have his stance developed which can in return help to convince the audience in a similar direction.

  • 3- Practice
  • As practice makes a man perfect, the same anthology applies to speech writing. Any writer or a speaker should practice the speech before delivering it, which can help to gain intelligent outcomes and leave a positive and confident impression on the listeners.

Basic idea to write an extemporaneous speech

No doubt, writing is a tedious task but nothing is impossible. Also, extemporaneous speech is very different from the other types of speeches because of the limited time, and the originality that is required. Such speeches are usually given in small gatherings or in schools where students can improve their oratory skills. Following are the basic steps of writing the subject speech type.

  • Identification and selection of the topic
  • The first step is the selection and identification of the topic. The selected must be already known to the readers or it must be something that can be easily understood by the audience.

  • Outline writing
  • The next step is creating and designing an outline. One should always write the main ideas in line so that they can be expanded upon and can be talked about in detail.

  • Body paragraphs
  • The body paragraphs of the speech should be written clearly. It is important for the writer to have well-designed body paragraphs because these paras ultimately make the underlying context of the speech. Then, these body paragraphs should be explained in detail to create the required impression. If someone fails to do so, there are more chances of failure and the audience might not be able to understand it collectively.

  • Concluding the speech
  • In the end, a writer should conclude the speech in at least one or two minutes. It is of consideration that the conclusions should not be too lengthy and the speech should always end with a note with a call of action or a quotation that should be relevant to the topic and convince listeners to do something interesting and useful in the subject topic.

The outline and format of speech

In order to outline the speech correctly, one should have a clear understanding of the possible outline ways. There are two types of outline techniques alphanumeric outline and decimal outline.

Alphanumeric outline

It is the most commonly used outline that involves both numbers and the alphabet. The major heading should have the numbers and the subheadings should be having the alphabets.


  • 1- The ideology of being productive in society
    • a. One needs to overcome the social barriers
    • b. There is a need for social accountability
  • 2- Society should be more convinced about moral and ethical wellbeingg
    • a. Students should be encouraged to get themselves educated
    • b. Ethics should be practiced within the society

Decimal outline

This outline is very similar to the other one, however, there are a few differences. One should always use domiciles while making an outline.


  • 1.0. Introduction
    • 1.1. The background
    • 1.2. Basic insights
    • 1.3. The future opportunities

Both these outlines are of equal importance and need to be used as per the requirement of the subject or the one that can individual feels convenient to use.

Speech example

Here is one of the speech examples that can help you with getting the underlying idea.

Speech topics

Following are some of the speech topics that can help you with designing your speech or understanding how to write a flawless speech. These topics for extemporaneous speech are knowledgeable and trendy

  • How different social conditions can be treated
  • Why people should be made to stay in their homes during Covid-19
  • How is freedom of speech exploited in the modern era
  • How the green economy is more powerful
  • What are some of the basic rules of education that should be encouraged in every school?
  • Does our society believe in equality?
  • Do you favor automation in society?
  • How the modern world has brought more chaos and destruction when compared to the past?

Presenting your extemporaneous speech

Following are some of the tips that can help you with presenting the extemporaneous speech

  • Use a single style throughout the speech
  • A speaker should try to follow the same style of speech delivery throughout the speech. It is crucial to be aware of the fact that switching speech styles can affect the quality of speech and ultimately affect the audience.

  • Be confident
  • A speaker should be very confident while delivering the speech. It will prove that the speaker knows what is he speaking and he actually means his words.

  • Believe in a moderate speech
  • The tone of the speech should be kept moderate. If a writer will try to use very high or very low pitch it will affect the audience and is not suitable for all the settings.

  • Use speech tactics
  • One should always use speech tactics. It is crucial to empower the speaker and to create a learning environment in which the audience can connect to the readers.

  • Memorize everything
  • It is important for a speaker to memorize all the facts and figures. If the speaker will not have memorized everything it might affect the quality of the speech and the oratory skills of the speaker. Also, it is the requirement of a speech to be creative within itself and inculcate confidence in the audience.

  • Use body language
  • A speaker should always use his body language because it can add to the underlying meeting. The body language should be confident, passionate, and polite in its manner. Also, one needs to use body language to help those who are sitting far away or were not able to listen to the words in the first place.

If you will following these techniques and the tips, you will be able to write the subject speech type.

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